Legalities of CBD, Delta-8, and Other Hemp & Cannabis Products: 2018 Federal Farm Bill Recently, you likely noticed an inundation of new hemp products. There are hemp lotions, hemp teas, hemp fabrics, hemp straws, and hemp disposable utensils. And, even hemp seeds in food products! Scientists can more freely study the medical benefits and side…

Mentally Incapacitated Does Not Include Voluntary Intoxication in MN Criminal Sexual Conduct Cases: State v. Khalil Recently, Minnesota’s Supreme Court addressed the definition of mental incapacitation in the criminal sexual conduct statutes in State v. Khalil. Specifically, the court evaluated whether mental incapacitation includes someone who is voluntary intoxicated. Focusing on the word “voluntary”, the…

What is the Difference Between an Administrative Review and Judicial Review? MN DWI Laws Upon being arrested for a DWI in Minnesota, you will receive a notice and order of revocation for your driving privileges, if you took a breath test that resulted in an alcohol concentration of .08 or more or if you refused…

Should a Defendant Testify at Trial? Should a defendant testify at trial? This is one of the biggest strategic decisions for defense lawyers and their clients to make during a criminal jury trial. Regardless of what the criminal defense lawyer advises their client to do, the defendant holds the absolute power to make the final…

Does a “Felony Stop” Require Reasonable Suspicion or Probable Cause? Routine traffic stops involve an officer turning their emergency lights on, pulling a vehicle over to the side of the road, and the officer calmly walks up to the vehicle. In a felony traffic stop (“felony stop”), the officer(s) usually stay back at their squad…

What is considered a firearm for MN ineligible in possession offenses? Minnesota law prohibits certain people from possessing firearms or ammunition. If convicted of being ineligible in possession of a firearm, it subjects the person to a mandatory minimum prison sentence according to the Minnesota Sentencing Guidelines. Therefore, it is crucially important to not only…

Marijuana DWI Conviction Requires Actually Being Under the Influence of Marijuana You can get a Marijuana DWI in Minnesota. But, under Minnesota law, you must actually be under the influence of marijuana. Mere presence of marijuana in your system is not enough. Recently, the Minnesota Court of Appeals addressed this topic in State v. Berger….

California Reforms Probation Length; Minnesota Should Follow Recently, California’s Governor signed a significant criminal justice reform bill. The new law will limit the maximum time a person may be on probation or parole in certain circumstances. For misdemeanors, the limit will be one year. For felony offenses, the limit will be two years! There are…

On Monday, the Minnesota Court of Appeals reversed a driver’s license revocation from one of our very own cases in LaClair v. Commissioner of Public Safety.  In ruling in our favor, the court of appeals touched on a popular topic: when is law enforcement allowed to enter private property? Constitutionally protected areas, such as a…

High Percentage of False Positives in Bite Mark Evidence  Forensic odontologists who analyze bite mark evidence rely on two foundational premises. The first is that human skin is a suitable medium to capture data from, which as we discussed in our last post, is not true due to the elasticity of the skin. The second…

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